The following extracts are selected from a pile of Testimonials in my possession, not from any motive of pride, but simply as an introduction to those who may honor me with their patronage. From Charles King, Esq. Francis Butler for several years, and from his having been in my fomily as an instructor both of English and French, I am enabled to say that he is a competent and trustworthy teacher, and, as such, recommend him to others.
Sauveur, New- York.. Builer, and especially from the recom- mendation given to me of him by a friend, in whom I have great confidence, T do hereby solicit, in behalf of the said Mr. From the Rev. Butler are entirely favorable. I attended one examination of his students at Mr. Samuel H. Cox, Brooklyn, L. John Ford, and consider him an excellent judge in the matter of which he writes ; himself a scholar in all languages, and in French particularly accomplished. Butler is teaching the French language in my school.
I employed him at the instance of one of my for- mer students, who had accidentally and fortunately become his pupil. My expectations were high ; he has met them. Nuttman, Elizahethtown, N. Butler eminently qualified for his pro- fession as a French Teacher. Flis method of instruction is peculiarly suited for those who desire to speak the French language with ease and accuracy. X [Translation. Butler has many pupils, who not only read perfectly well our best authors, but who speak our language with correctness and facility.
The above alphabetic sounds are about as near, I believe, as they can be given by English letters, without further explanation, but by the following explanations I hope they will be clearly explained, A, ah, sounded like a in the word father. B, bay, the same sound as in English. C, say, as in English. Ch, has the same sound as sh, D, day, as in English. E, eh, sounded like e in the word fed, varying a little according to accent ; of which we shall speak hereai'ter. F, ef, same sound as in English.
G, before a o it as in Engiisli ; before e and? It is called aspirated, when the vowel, in the article pre- ceding, is not cut off, and mute when it is. When mute, for le hoimne, we say Vhoimne, when aspirated, we say le heros. The h is' never aspirated harshly, as in English. I, e, when simple, is pronounced very like the English e, but softer.
J, in all positions, has the same sound as the French g before e and? L, el, when simple or alphabetical, has the same sound as in English. M, em, same sound as in English. N5 en, same sound as in English. O, pronounced like oh! P, pay, same sound as in English. When neither at the be- ginning of a word, nor double, nor before a iinal e mute, it is softer yet.
Ending a word before a vowel, mu c. In some parts of England and Ireland the oa.
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It i- only an English e tightly pressed between the lips. W, doohlc'vaif. X, iks, generally the same sound as in 1 lish. Exceptions to tlie foregoing Alphabetical Sounds. L, the final I is mute when pi-eceded by i. M, is silent in aulomne, damner, cnndamner. N, en, in exaw.
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O, is mute mfaon, paon, laon. P, is mute in b'lpltine, compte, sepf, exempt, loup, heau- cmip, trap, but if the p of either of the last two be follow- ed by a vowel, or li mute, then the p has its natural sound. The q is silent in cnq-dinde, and sounded like k in coq. T, lias the sound of s in adjectives ending in lial, deux, 'Kx.
In dix and six, it is mute before a consonant or h asp'rated. It sounds like ga:, when at the beginning of a wmd.
The French vowels differ from their nearest cor- ' responding sounds in English, in that thej are much softer, and terminate in a kind of breathing whisper. In the right sound of the vowels consists the most important point in correct pronunciation. Let us take the French vowels and sound them the same as their nearest corresponding sounds in English, and we shall find thej will be most cruellj murdered. Therefore be careful.
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Just try it, and test your pronunciation by the first Frenchman you meet ; his politeness will not permit him to ridicule you. I shall divide the sounds into three classes, sim- ple, nasaly and compound vowels. Simple natural or alphabetical sounds, or such as give the real sound of the letters of which they are composed.
Nasal sounds, or those where the nose ia the most essential organ. Simple or alphabetical sounds. These sounds are perfectly natural, and offer no difficulty, after acquiring the sounds of the al- phabet. Nasal sounds, found only with n or???. This sound is known at a glance, by attending to the following. It cannot exist without an m or n, and then the n or m must be single, not at the be- ginning of a word, or between two vowels in the same word.
In all other cases it has the alphabeti- cal sound.
Ultimate French: Beginner-Intermediate: A Complete Textbook and Reference Guide
The m is not common in the nasal form. Recollect these words. Pray recollect these examples, as they will serve as a key to the sound. On J eon, both the same sound. To get this correctly, take the English words honCj sown, and pronounce them as far as half the iij stopping short as before.
Un, eun, wn, the same sound. Lundij Monday. Take the words Mar? You may console yourself that these sounds are always the same; therefore there cun be no mistake after once ivcqulring them. Ai eij eai, sounded the same as the French c a little opener. Ou, sounded like u in the Englisli word full.
Every sound must be either simple, compound rowelj or nasal, if it be not among the exceptions, of which there are but few. If then it be neither of the for- mer, it must belong to the latter. These three classes of sound will easily be recognized by referring to the preceding instructions. There are three accents, viz : The acute accent Ex. The grave accent. The circumflex accent, Ex. The grave accent gives a grave open sound, as in the words theme, theme ; progres, progress. The circumflex accent gives a still opener sound, as in the words tempete, tempest ; honnete, honest.
You will find that the French e proceeds from the upper roof the mouth. When it has the acute accent over it, the sound is just above the teeth ; with the grave accent, a little higher ; and with the circumflex, higher yet. Saul, rridis. But it must not be used when an accent can be substitut- ed. The hyphen - is used to unite compound words having one meaning. It is also used when the per- sonal pronoun the subject or object of the verb is placed after it.
When there are two personal pronouns following the verb, two hyphens must be used. Ex, Donnez-le-lui, give it to him.